Wadi Rum, also known as Valley of the Moon, is a desert the size of 720km squared, cut into sandstone and granite rock. Many years ago the sea formed the strange shapes you see in the sandstone. The highest peak in Wadi Rum area is called Um Adami (1,840m), which lies close to the Saudia Arabian border. Jabal Rum (1,734m), the second highest peak in Jordan, is located right in the centre of Rum and offers a scenic view of the area.
Wadi Rum is an area protected by the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Association (ASECA) since 1988, The ASECA takes care of preserving the nature and the Bedouin living within Wadi Rum. It has been protected by UNESCO since 2011.
Due to its natural resources and to its’ shade giving rocks, people settled very early in Wadi Rum. It has been mentioned amongst Greek and Roman writings. Thamudic and Nabatean (4th century BC) inscriptions can be found all over the area especially in Khazali Canyon and on a wall called Anfisheyh inscriptions. The desert provides Bedouin tribes with water, olives, figs and herbs till today.